Lion cubs join Texas Zoo
March 26, 2010 at 3:26 a.m.
Zoo's newest exhibit
Did you know
The scientific classification of Barbary lions is panthera Leo lion.
Barbary lions are characterized by massive manes that cover as much as half of their body surface.
The lion ranged over a large part of North Africa in an area ranging from Morocco to Sudan.
Barbary lions are also known as the Atlas or Nubian lion.
Barbary lions are among the largest of all recorded lion subspecies. Males can grow between 500-550 pounds, while females can grow to be 400-450 pounds
Barbary lions were believed to be extinct in 1922, but not too long after, 17 direct descendants were found in a zoo in Morocco.
The main sources of prey for Barbary lions in the wild were the Barbary stag and gazelle.
Male and female Barbary lions in the wild would only come together during mating season.
Gestation is usually 110 days, after which one to six cubs are born, with three to four being most common.
At two years of age, male cubs are thrown out of the family unit, but females remain a part of the pride for their lifetime.
Information courtesy of www.ofcats.com and www.barbarylion.com
Meet Aesa and Gaia.
These sisters are 10 weeks old, fuzzy, golden-colored, like rubber chew toys, and love to eat turkey and beef snacks. They are also the newest cubs on the block at the Texas Zoo.
The pair, which was born at the Austin Zoo & Animal Sanctuary, arrived in Victoria on Tuesday at no cost to the zoo.
"This is an exciting time for the Texas Zoo," said Andrea Blomberg, executive director of the Texas Zoo. "These beautiful cubs will be an added attraction for our Zoo but also provide an opportunity for us to continue our conservation efforts by potentially participating in the Barbary Lion Project."
Blomberg said the "toddlers" are believed to be Barbary Lions, a subspecies of lion that hails from North Africa.
With less than 100 Barbary lions worldwide, the breed is nearly extinct.
The sisters' parents have been tested to determine their bloodline, but they are still waiting on the test results, Blomberg said.
If the pair is found to be Barbary lions, they could be eligible to participate in the Barbary Lion Project, a project aimed at resurrecting the subspecies' population.
In regards to the new animals, Blomberg said she gave people the clue, "The Texas Zoo has come full circle," because the Texas Zoo started with a lion.
Prior to Gaia and Aesa coming to Victoria, zoo officials did what they could to make the cubs feel welcome upon arrival.
With $1,000 worth of donations from Victoria's Costal Kitchen and Victoria Builder Supply, zoo officials were able to spruce up the old jaguar's den with safety glass, sod, a lagoon-like pool, hay from their mother's den and a two-bedroom living quarters.
Additionally, Jan Dunaway, the zoo's curator, spent the day in Dallas with an animal behaviorist to learn how to read the animals' behavior.
"That goes a long way in getting a response from them," said Dunaway.
The zoo staff has also spent time getting to know the friendly pair, nearly identical in looks. However, there are a few subtle differences, Blomberg said.
She said Aesa weighs 28 pounds, while Gaia weighs 30 pounds.
According to www.ofcats.com, female Barbary lions can grow to weigh between 400-450 pounds.
Additionally, one of Gaia' ears is smaller than the other one.
The cubs made their rounds in a wheelbarrow to meet and greet the other animals, some of whom made a big production about it.
"The Guinea hens were squawking as if to let everyone know there are new animals on site," said Blomberg. "The cubs just watched them," she said laughing.
The playful pair is expected to be the zoo's "most popular exhibit," Blomberg said.
However, she said they will need a bigger habitat once they grow larger, which could cost about $30,000.
"I'm going to have to jump on (fundraising) immediately," she said. "The cubs are a big draw for Victoria and a big draw for the Texas Zoo."