GC: Civilizing Texas: Wineries of Texas Hill Country tames the south
June 16, 2011 at 1:16 a.m.
Test your knowledge
Take this quiz to see how much you really know about wine and the wine industry.
1. With more than 120 wineries producing more than $1 billion, Texas is the ____ largest wine-producing state in the U.S.
2. A single bottle of wine has approximately how many squeezed grapes?
3. How many gallons of wine can you get from one acre of vineyard?
4. The U.S. imports more wine from this country.
5. Aside from being the namesake of the most popular Champagne, who was Dom Perignon?
6. How many calories does an average, 4-ounce glass of wine contain?
7. What Texas viticulturist developed a phylloxera-resistant rootstock, which, some say, single-handedly saved the European wine industry
8. What ancient society is said to have pioneered winemaking in the 6000 B.C.?
9. What is the oldest winery in Texas?
10. About how many wine grape varieties exist in the world?
Answers: 1) fifth; 2) 800; 3) 800, 4) Australia; 5) a blind Benedictine monk; 6) 85; 7) Thomas Munson; 8) Mesopotamians; 9) Del Rio's Val Verde Winery, dating back to 1833; 10) 10,000
Nestled between rolling hills and the metropolitan areas of Texas Hill Country, wineries and vineyards provide year-round entertainment to more than five million visitors each year.
With several wine trails around the state to choose from, the Texas Hill Country trail has been deemed the largest and most expansive with 27 affiliated wineries, complete with artists, musicians and other entertainment.
Spanning from New Braunfels, over to Fredericksburg, and then nearly to Austin, back up to Llano and ending in Lampasas, this trail has an abundance of stops along the way to keep you occupied.
The Texas wine movement began near present-day El Paso in the 1600s, according to the Texas Department of Agriculture, as the Spanish missionaries cultivated grapes there.
Eurpoean settlers throughout the 1800s brought grapevine cuttings with them to Texas, starting their own vineyards, and by the early 1900s, 25 wineries were in production.
Surviving prohibition, the wine industry once again thrived as new vineyards open.
By 1986, the Texas Hill Country Wine and Food Festival began, putting Texas on the wine map and opening a gateway to what the state's wine industry is today.
Here's a partial listing of the wineries you'll find on the Hill Country's trail:
Stone House Vineyard
Address: 24350 Haynie Flat Road, Spicewood
Hours: Thursday-Sunday, noon to 5 p.m. or by appointment
Phone: 512-264-3630 or 512-264-9890
Located on Lake Travis, just a half hour away from Austin, Stone House has a few wines to choose from - a shiraz, tempranillo, sauvignon blanc, chardonnay, claros, port and more.
Chisholm Trail Winery
Address: 2367 Usener Road, Fredericksburg
Hours: Open 7 days a week, noon to 6 p.m.
Phone: 830-990-2675 or 877-990-2675
Just outside of Fredericksburg, this country winery a selection of merlot, lenoir, sauvignon blanc, blanc du bois and more.
Comfort Cellars Winery
Address: 723 Front St., Comfort
Hours: Sunday, noon to 5 p.m.; Monday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Thursday-Friday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; and Saturday 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Known for their unique wines, this Comfort winery offers raisin wine, orange chardonnay, jalapeno wine and an array of others to choose from.
For a complete list of wineries participating in the Texas Hill Country Wine Trail, go to www.texaswinetrail.com or www.gotexanwine.org.