Wednesday, September 17, 2014




Surgeon's beekeeping hobby yields sweet success

By Sara Sneath
Dec. 29, 2013 at 6:29 a.m.
Updated Dec. 30, 2013 at 6:30 a.m.

Craig Chang, 46, of Victoria, holds a section of one of the 11 hives on his property in Victoria. In 2010, Chang harvested about 1,000 pounds of honey off of seven hives that he cared for.

DID YOU KNOW?

• Bee pollination contributes to more than $15 billion in increased crop value each year.

• About one in every three mouthfuls in our diet benefits directly or indirectly from honey bee pollination.

• Commercial production of almonds and other tree nuts, berries, fruits and vegetables are dependent on honey bees for pollination.

• Annual losses in bee population averaged 33 percent from 2006-11, with a third of these losses attributed to colony collapse disorder by beekeepers. During the winter of 2011-12, the average population loss dropped to 22 percent.

Source: United States Department of Agriculture

Craig Chang made the most of the sunny weekend in Victoria, working on an irrigation system for a forage of alfalfa and clover.

Cows won't be feeding on these crops; bees will.

Alfalfa is a high-nectar producer, which foraging worker bees take back to their hive to turn into honey, said Chang, 46, of Victoria, who is a general surgeon by trade. Alfalfa requires a lot of water, Chang said. He estimates the crop requires about 9,000 gallons of water per acre every day, which is why he's building an irrigation system.

For the third year in a row, Chang's hives have produced low quantities of honey, he said. The continuing drought conditions have not only starved the crops but also the bees that feed on them. The drought has also created a kind of natural selection environment for the bees, he said.

"Droughts are not all bad," he said. "They help the natural selection process. Only the hardiest bees survive."

Chang remembers 2010 fondly as the year his seven hives produced more than 1,000 pounds of honey. There was optimal rainfall in 2010, he said, and the bees produced honey until July, when the rain stopped.

"It was amazing," Chang said.

Though he has not harvested much honey in the past three years, his fondness for bees continued to grow.

"I actually really like them," Chang said. "Bees are amazing little creatures."

Chang has been beekeeping for six years and now has 11 hives. It takes a persistent and inquisitive mind to be a beekeeper, he said.

"There's more to it than most people realize," he said. "I thought it would be easier keeping bees."

Chang became a beekeeper hobbyist because of the environmental benefits of bees and the thrill of working with them.

"It's like tending to a garden, except my garden can kill you," he said.

The knowledge of beekeeping is like a craft or trade learned through experience and community, he said. In his first few years as a beekeeper, his bees didn't produce any reserve honey for him to harvest. It took trial, error and talking to fellow beekeepers for him to learn the proper way to care for bees and when to leave them alone.

"Bees are beautiful in their uniformity, and they're survivors," he said. "They've been around a lot longer than we have."

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