A new leader calling for “Change” had been elected as the Communist Party General Secretary in 1985, Gorbachev. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) power opposed the United States of America power called the Cold War. But twenty years ago, in 1989 the “Change” ignited into events that not only changed the USSR, but the world. A political revolution swept across Eastern Europe. Old adversaries and alliances changed the world.
In 1989, Afghanistan had become the Soviet Union’s Viet Nam. In March they pulled their last troops out of Afghanistan. But the real big “Change” occurred when the USSR held their first open contested elections.
Two months later, June 1989, Poland revolted against the communist party and established an independent free market country. The world watched expecting the Soviet troops to invade the country and reestablish the communist party. The revolution of “Change” was bloodless.
But quickly in July of 1989 the signs of “Change” indicated that The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics maybe crumbling. Party General Secretary Gorbachev shocked the world, announcing that countries in the Warsaw Pact are free to decide on their own futures.
In September 1989, Hungary followed in the footsteps of Poland, and becomes an independent non-communist country.
In November 1989, the Kremlin abandons its control over East-West Germany border; the Berlin Wall falls.
In December 1989, Communist governments fall in Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Rumania. Soviet control of Eastern Europe ended.
In 1991, a coup attempted to reinstate the old Communist Party Rule over the republics. The failure of the coup brought about the end of The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which was officially dissolved on December 25, 1991 when Gorbachev resigned from office. In six years he “Changed” the power of Eastern Europe and numerous governments foundations from a strong autocratic central government rule without free markets to a free market government.
Here we are, twenty years later after the events of 1989, with our own “Change”. Will our own union disappear, as we know it?
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