Many a discussion on Christian history centers around the Crusades, which began in 1095.
It has been customary to describe the Crusades as eight in number:
- the first, 1095-1101;
- the second, headed by Louis VII, 1145-47;
- the third, conducted by Philip Augustus and Richard Coeur-de-Lion, 1188-92;
- the fourth, during which
Constantinoplewas taken, 1204;
- the fifth, which included the conquest of Damietta, 1217;
- the sixth, in which Frederick II took part (1228-29); also Thibaud de Champagne and Richard of Cornwall (1239);
- the seventh, led by St. Louis, 1249-52;
- the eighth, also under St. Louis, 1270.
This division is arbitrary and excludes many important expeditions, among them those of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. In reality the Crusades continued until the end of the seventeenth century, the crusade of Lepanto occurring in 1571, that of Hungary in 1664, and the crusade of the Duke of Burgundy to Candia, in 1669. (New Advent.org [see Crusades]).
Why did the Christian armies feel a need to pack up and fight the Muslims a continent away? Some would say that it all had to do with the greed of the popes and gaining land for an empire, while others proffer that keeping the
(Information for this blog is taken primarily from Patrick Madrid’s book, Pope Fiction, 1999, from the chapter “The popes and the Crusades.”)
Since the beginning of the 4th century, pilgrims made their way from
All went relatively well between Christians and Moslems until the beginning of the 11th century with the Caliph of Egypt, Al Hakem, who ordered the destruction of the Holy Sepulcher (where Jesus was buried) and the removal of the Christian presence from Jerusalem in 1009 a.d. (The Crusades
From that point on, persecution of Christians (both residents and pilgrims) was almost constant. In 1071 the Seldjuk Turks overran and captured
“After being heroically patient in the face of this Muslim onslaught and hoping for a peaceful solution, Pope Urban II could finally take no more of this unacceptable mistreatment of Christians in
From all over
Although after this Crusade pilgrims were free to travel to
Patrick Madrid states that a few points about the Crusades need to be made. First, the original intent of the Crusades was the protection of pilgrims and the Christians in the
Yet, there is plenty of the bad and the ugly. Personal vendettas by the Catholic commanders and individuals were pursued, and greed often held sway. Also, according to
History is incredibly important, and we learn lessons from past mistakes or we will repeat those errors.
- 21 unverified comments
Thank you for your contribution.Flag this as inappropriate
- Follow maryann